The capital of the last kingdom of Sri Lankan royalty, this garden city created centering the magnificent place and temple complex housing the most treasured possession of the Sri Lankan monarchies – the tooth relic of Lord Buddha. Considered to be the most sacred pilgrim site of the Buddhists, the temple of the tooth relic is always full of devotees chanting prayers and offering flowers taking one to a trance of tranquility spiritually. Due to the invasions by the Europeans many of the islanders were heading interior seeking refuge, in 14th century city Kandy believed to was founded and became the capital of the kingdom in 1592. Although the islands coastal areas were conquered several times by the invading Europeans, the city remained one of the bastions of Sinhalese independence until finally the British troops entered the city on 14 February 1815 and tactfully gained control over the island. The temple housing the sacred tooth relic and the palace complex was declared a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1988. To-date Kandy remains the religious capital of Buddhism and a sacred city for millions of believers and as the cultural center of the country. Each year the splendid ritual of the great processions takes to streets for 10 days with over 4000 dancers and hundreds of elephants, considered to be one of the most colorful pageants in the world, the Kandy Perahara is truly a pageant of religious and cultural extravagance and a testimony of the history, culture and pride of a great nation.